Successive reforms to Welfare Benefits have been introduced in the past few years. These changes could significantly affect the amount of money you have coming in each week and may well reduce the amount of help with rent you get as well as how it is paid.
53 Week Rent Year:
The 2019/20 financial year is a 53 week rent year. This means that all GUHG customers who pay a weekly rent will have an extra week’s rent to pay for that year. However, due to the way Housing Costs are worked out under Universal Credit, the 12 payments claimants will receive in the 2019/20 financial year will only cover enough entitlement for a normal 52 week rent year. Any shortfall will need to be made up by the customer.
Severe Disability Premium and Universal Credit:
A Severe Disability Premium is an extra amount of money that can be paid with means-tested benefits where the claimant is entitled to PIP with the daily living component, Attendance Allowance or Disability Living Allowance with the care component of the middle or higher rates; no-one claims Carer’s Allowance for looking after them; and they do not live with anyone else with the exception of children or other people entitled to the same disability benefits.
From 16/01/2019, someone who would otherwise be faced with Universal Credit will no longer have to claim it if they are entitled to a Severe Disability Premium on any benefit they received in the previous month. They can still claim the old style of benefits instead (Income Support, Jobseeker’s Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance, Housing Benefit or Tax Credits).
Some people might have had to claim Universal Credit before this protection came into place. Some of those people may be entitled to receive extra backdated Universal Credit if they would still meet the criteria for Severe Disability Premium when their claim is looked at.
If you do not receive a Severe Disability Premium but think you should, or you are not sure whether you receive it or not, please contact our Benefits Advice team.
Two Child Limit and Universal Credit:
Families with three or more children were previously not required to claim Universal Credit when making a new claim for benefits. However from 01/02/2019 this has ended and families of all sizes who need to make a new claim for benefit will have to claim Universal Credit instead of the benefits it replaces (unless there is some other reason why they don’t need to).
The Two Child Limit has also been relaxed on Universal Credit. The position now on all benefits that include amounts for children (except Child Benefit) is as stated below in the section called Changes for families – from 6 April 2017 below.
Pension Credit changes:
From 01/02/2019 pensioners who have responsibility for children can no longer make a new claim to Tax Credits, and extra amounts to cover the cost of supporting a child are included in their Pension Credit instead.
From 15/05/2019 couples will no longer be able to make a new claim for Pension Credit (and/or Housing Benefit as a pensioner) until BOTH members of the couple have reached their own state retirement ages. People affected will have to claim Universal Credit instead. This does not affect couples who are already entitled to Pension Credit and/or Housing Benefit on 14/05/2019 for as long as they remain entitled.
This also means that from 15/05/2019, if a single pensioner enters a relationship with someone who has not reached their state retirement age yet, any entitlement to Pension Credit or Housing Benefit will end and they will have to claim Universal Credit instead if they need to make a benefit claim as a couple.
Anyone included on a Universal Credit claim when they have already reached their state retirement age will not be expected to meet any conditions in return for the benefit but their working-age partner will be subject to all the normal conditions.
Up until 14/05/2019, if one member of the couple has reached state retirement age the couple can claim Pension Credit and/or Housing Benefit instead of Universal Credit and they will be better off to do so. It is worth noting that rules allow 3 months backdating without needing a reason so it may be possible to make a claim up to 13/08/2019 as long as it is dated from 14/05/2019 at the latest.
If you would like advice on whether these rules affect you please contact our Benefits Advice team.
Universal Credit is a new type of benefit which is being gradually introduced across the country for working-age people. It replaces a number of current benefits. For more information visit our Universal Credit page.
The Benefit Cap is a cap on the total benefits a claimant can receive. It is set at £20,000 per year per family outside of London, equivalent to about £385 per week. For single people with no children the cap is £13,400 per year or about £258 per week.
How does it work?
The Benefit Cap works by adding up all of the money you receive from certain benefits (click here for a list).
However, if you, your partner or children who you get Child Benefit for are entitled to any of the following benefits, you should be exempt:
- Working Tax Credit
- Disability Living Allowance or Personal Independence Payments
- Attendance Allowance
- Industrial Injuries benefits
- The Support component of Employment and Support Allowance
- The ‘Limited Capability for Work Related Activity element’ of Universal Credit
- War Widow’s or War Widower’s Pension
- Carer’s Allowance
- Guardian’s Allowance
If you’re not exempt and your total benefit income adds up to more than the cap, then your Housing Benefit or Universal Credit is reduced by the amount over the cap you are.
For example if your total benefit income is £415 per week, this is £30 over the £385 per week cap, so your Housing Benefit will be reduced by £30 per week. This means you will have to pay this towards your rent instead. If you get Universal Credit this works in the same way, but is assessed monthly instead.
Am I affected?
Are you affected by the Cap and need help?
Then please call us on 0300 123 5544 to ask for our Benefit Advice Team or email us on firstname.lastname@example.org
We can check your benefit entitlements, help you to apply for any of the exempting benefits if they apply or otherwise discuss your options with you.
If you are of working age and claiming Housing Benefit, or help with rent on Universal Credit, but have what the Government deems to be a ‘spare’ bedroom, your benefit may be reduced. Your Housing Benefit, or your Housing Element part of your Universal Credit, will be reduced by 14% for one spare bedroom, and 25% for two or more spare bedrooms.
The following people need their own bedroom:
- A couple
- A single person over the age of 16
- Two children under 16 of the same sex
- Two children under 10 regardless of their sex
- A child under 16 where there is no other child to share with them
- Someone who cannot share a bedroom due to a disability
- Someone who provides regular over-night care to an occupant
- An extra bedroom if you are a foster carer
Here are examples of circumstances under which the Government would consider you have a ‘spare’ bedroom. It is important to note this does not affect tenants of pension age:
- You and your partner live in a three bedroom house and have a boy aged eight and a girl aged three. The Government says that you only need a two bedroom house .
- You live by yourself or with a partner in a two bedroom flat
- You live by yourself or with a partner in a specially adapted two bedroom bungalow because you are disabled. The only exception to this is if you need a carer to stay overnight on a regular basis.
The Citizens Advice offers a simple Bedroom Calculator to help identify how many bedrooms your household is entitled to.
Please note the special circumstances which are not accounted for in the calculator.
Bereavement Support Payment is help for someone who is of working age and bereaved of their spouse or civil partner. This replaced previous benefits for this purpose from April 2017, although some people may still be in receipt of Widowed Parents Allowance.
To claim Bereavement Support Payment, visit the gov.uk website. Help is still available towards the cost of a funeral through the Social Fund, click here to claim. If you need help, call Customer Services on 0300 123 5544 and ask to speak to a Welfare Benefits Advisor.
From 6 April 2017 the government has introduced the two child limit – which is the concept of not financially supporting families to have more than two children while claiming benefits.
Any children born before 6 April 2017 are protected from this change. However, a child born after that date who is not the first or second child on the claim will not attract financial help unless:
- They are not the first child in a multiple birth
- They were formally adopted in the UK
- They are the child of a child under 16 you claim for
- They are being looked after under an arrangement through social services
- They were conceived as the result of non-consensual conception or in a coercive or controlling relationship, and the mother does not live with the perpetrator
Note that the following types of benefit are not affected:
- Child Benefit
- Child Maintenance
- Disabled Child Elements of Child Tax Credits and Universal Credit
- Childcare Element of Working Tax Credit and Universal Credit
- Healthy Start Vouchers
- Free School Meals
Also, all children are still counted when considering how many bedrooms your household needs for Housing Benefit and Universal Credit” (see Bedroom Tax below)
Removal of Work-Related Activity Component – From 6 April 2017, new claims for Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) and Universal Credit will no longer award the ‘Work Related Activity Component’ if you are judged to be too ill to work but not too ill to take part in some activity, like training, to get you ready for work in the future. Instead, you will receive the same amount as someone looking for work. This is a cut of £29.05 per week.
This does not affect those who currently receive it or who started their claim before 6 April 2017.
Removal of Permitted Work time limit – ESA claimants can sometimes be allowed to work less than 16 hours per week if they are earning less than £115.50 per week, for up to one year, without it affecting their claim. After a year, they then had to take a year’s break before being able to do it again.
From April the year’s time limit is being removed so claimants doing ‘permitted work’ can do so indefinitely, as long as it remains less than 16 hours and less than the new limit of £120 per week.
Please contact Customer Services on 0300 123 5544 and ask to speak to a Welfare Benefits Advisor.