- a change in land use in particular intensive food production
- over-exploitation in fishing, hunting and harvesting
- climate change affects the ecosystem’s ability to adapt, which makes biodiversity more vulnerable to loss and this then accelerates climate change due to ecosystems not being able to regulate green house gas emissions.
News – 7 December 2022 The term Biodiversity refers to the amazing variety of life – animals, plants, fungi, microorganisms – that make up the natural world. The species and organisms interact to maintain balance and support life and are essential to all of us, no matter where we live. We know that we rely on plants for oxygen and pollinators like bees, butterflies and beetles, amongst other things, but there are other things we get from nature, such as coral reefs that protect coastal areas from tsunamis and trees that absorb air pollution. Around 1.7 million of species of animal, plants and fungi have been identified but there’s possibly 100 million! We’re experiencing a massive decline in biodiversity for three main reasons: